Can Exergaming Contribute to Physical Fitness in Children?

Exergaming is a term that combines "exercise" and "gaming" into one. It’s a way for people, particularly children, to get physically active through the world of video games. The concept is interesting and has gained popularity, mainly due to the increasing market for video games and the growing concern about sedentary lifestyles leading to health problems such as obesity. Many scholars have conducted studies on this topic. Some studies, readily available on Google Scholar, Crossref, and PubMed, have shown promising results about exergaming’s potential in promoting physical activity and health in children. This article aims to delve deep into this compelling topic and explore whether exergaming can genuinely contribute to physical fitness in children.

Exergaming: An Innovative Solution for Physical Activity

It’s no secret that most children love playing video games. However, conventional video games often involve little to no physical activity, which can lead to sedentary behavior and potentially contribute to childhood obesity. Enter exergaming, a new breed of video games designed to get players up and moving. These games, also known as active video games or fitness games, require players to perform physical movements to control the game, thereby promoting physical activity.

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Exergames like the dance-based game "Dance Dance Revolution" or the sports game "Wii Sports" stimulate players to move their bodies as they play. These games offer a fun, interactive way to promote physical activity among children, who might otherwise resist traditional forms of exercise. The question, however, remains: can exergaming truly influence children’s physical fitness levels?

The Potential Health and Fitness Benefits of Exergames

Exergaming’s potential to promote physical activity and health among children has been the focus of numerous studies. In many instances, these studies have revealed positive findings.

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In one study published in the Journal of Pediatrics, for instance, children who played active video games as part of a weight management program showed improvements in their body mass index (BMI) and cardiorespiratory fitness. Another study found that exergaming could be as beneficial as structured, traditional physical exercise in improving children’s physical fitness, as both could result in comparable energy expenditure levels.

Exergaming can offer a fun, engaging way of performing moderate to vigorous physical exercise. Therefore, its potential in promoting health and combating obesity among children cannot be underestimated. However, it’s important to clarify that exergaming is not a replacement for traditional physical activities but should be seen as a complement to a balanced lifestyle.

The Role of Exergaming in Children’s Physical Fitness

While some studies suggest positive outcomes, the jury is still out on whether exergaming can truly enhance children’s physical fitness. Several factors come into play, such as the type of game, the length of play, and the child’s initial fitness levels.

Certain games might provide more physical activity than others. For example, games that require full-body movement may offer more exercise than those that only necessitate moving the arms. The duration of play also matters. Long hours of exergaming may lead to more physical activity, but it’s also crucial to avoid excessive screen time, which can have detrimental effects on children’s health.

Child’s initial fitness level might also affect the influence of exergaming. A study published in the Journal of Sport and Health Science indicated that exergaming might have more significant effects on children with lower initial fitness levels than on those with higher initial fitness levels. Therefore, exergaming might be especially beneficial for children who are less active or overweight.

The Need for Further Study and the Future of Exergaming

While current research points towards the potential benefits of exergaming, more comprehensive studies are needed. Most existing studies are small-scale and short-term, with a lack of long-term research examining the sustained impacts of exergaming on children’s physical health and fitness.

Future studies should consider factors such as the intensity and duration of gameplay, the type of exergame, and the children’s initial fitness levels. They should also examine the potential risks, such as whether exergaming could lead to excessive screen time or whether it could replace more beneficial forms of physical activity.

In conclusion, while exergaming holds promise as a tool to promote physical fitness in children, we should approach it with a balanced view. It should not replace traditional forms of physical activity but can be a valuable addition to a healthy, active lifestyle.

Exergaming: Addressing Sedentary Behavior and Childhood Obesity

Exergaming can serve as a novel approach to combat sedentary behavior and childhood obesity. The rise of sedentary behavior, a lifestyle characterized by a lot of sitting or lying down with little physical activity, has become a significant concern for public health. The World Health Organization has identified physical inactivity as the fourth leading risk factor for global mortality. This inactive lifestyle, coupled with unhealthy dietary habits, has been linked with an increase in childhood obesity, a worrying trend that has tripled over the last three decades.

Exergaming, in contrast to traditional video games, encourages children to move, thereby reducing sedentary time. Some games require full-body movement, which can involve substantial energy expenditure comparable to moderate-intensity physical activities like walking or cycling. By integrating physical activity into a digital platform that children enjoy, exergaming may help reduce childhood obesity rates. A systematic review collected from Google Scholar and PubMed even suggested that exergaming may positively affect children’s body composition, an important indicator of physical health.

However, caution is needed as exergaming is not the ultimate solution to childhood obesity. Balanced nutrition and traditional forms of physical education also play indispensable roles in maintaining a healthy weight. Moreover, while exergaming reduces sedentary screen time, it still involves screen-based activity, which should be monitored to prevent excessive use.

Exergaming: A Complement to Traditional Physical Activities

The role of exergaming should not be misunderstood as a replacement for traditional physical activities. Traditional sports and outdoor activities provide a variety of benefits, including improved motor skills, social skills, and overall wellbeing, which exergaming might not fully offer.

Yet, exergaming can be a useful tool to supplement traditional physical activities, especially for children who resist conventional exercise. By providing an engaging and enjoyable way to move, exergames can help children meet the recommended daily physical activity levels. A study published on Crossref and PubMed even indicated that exergaming could serve as a gateway to encourage sedentary children to participate in more traditional physical activities.

Exergaming proves that exercise need not be a chore but can be a fun and enjoyable activity. It has the potential to foster a positive attitude towards physical activity among children, which can instill lifelong habits of regular exercise. Consequently, exergaming may indirectly contribute to the prevention of chronic diseases associated with physical inactivity, such as cardiovascular diseases and diabetes, and promote long-term health.


Exergaming represents an innovative intersection of physical activity and digital technology, offering a potential solution to the growing concern of childhood obesity and sedentary behavior. While it may not offer the full range of benefits that traditional physical activities do, it serves as a complement, particularly for children who are reluctant to engage in conventional exercise. Nonetheless, it is vital to maintain a balanced view of exergaming. It should come as part of a well-rounded approach that includes traditional physical activities, balanced nutrition, and a monitored screen time. As technology continues to evolve, let’s embrace its positive potential while being mindful of its limitations. Remember, exergaming is not the be-all and end-all solution, but it can be an exciting part of the journey towards a healthier and more active lifestyle for our children.

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